Commemoration of the German Society of Gastroenterology
In memory of

Prof. Dr. med.
Rudolf Richard Ehrmann
1879 - 1963

Prof. Dr. med. Rudolf Richard Ehrmann, image source Karlsbad 1928
Prof. Dr. med. Rudolf Richard Ehrmann, image source Karlsbad 1928

Member since 1926

Studied in Heidelberg, Munich, Berlin, Kiel, and Strasbourg

Internist with a special focus on gastroenterology

Dissertation, Strasbourg 1903
Dissertation, Strasbourg 1903
Archiv für Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie 1905
Archiv für Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie 1905

Prof. Dr. med. Rudolf Richard Ehrmann

  • Altenstadt in the Wetterau district of Hesse, 0‌4‌.‌0‌2‌.‌1‌8‌7‌9‌
  • Berkeley, Alameda County, California, USA, 2‌1‌.‌1‌2‌.‌1‌9‌6‌3‌
  • Member since 1926
  • Escaped to the USA in 1939
  • Berlin
  • Specialist in internal medicine

“Rudolf Ehrmann, the author of the paper, was born in Altenstadt, Grand Duchy of Hesse, on 4 February 1879. He attended the “Philantropia” secondary school in Frankfurt am Main from Easter 1889 to Easter 1895 and the municipal (later Goethe) Gymnasium from Easter 1896 until his graduation on Michaelmas 1898. He studied medicine and natural sciences in Heidelberg, Munich, and Berlin from October 1896, where he passed the preliminary medical examination in July 1900. He went on to study in Munich, Kiel, and Strasbourg, where he passed the state examination on 29 June 1903″, Rudolf Ehrmann states in his dissertation. His parents were the merchant Salomon Ehrmann and his wife Marianne, née Plaut.

 

Education and Places of Work

Rudolf Ehrmann received his doctorate from the University of Strasbourg in 1903 with the thesis “Über die Peroxyprotsäuren”. After completing his studies, he worked temporarily at the Institute for Pharmacology at the University of Heidelberg under Rudolf Gottlieb. Here he worked on the physiology and experimental pathology of adrenaline secretion including the determination methodology for adrenaline in the blood in 1905/06. He undertook his training in internal medicine at the university hospital in Greifswald and primarily at the III Medical Clinic of the Charité under Alfred Goldscheider. Ehrmann habilitated at the Friedrich-Wilhelms University in Berlin in 1912 and was appointed private lecturer. He was appointed professor (extraordinarius) of internal medicine in 1915.

Dissertation, Strasbourg 1903
Dissertation, Strasbourg 1903
Archiv für Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie 1905
Archiv für Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie 1905

Rudolf Ehrmann was appointed Medical Director of the I. Internal Department at the Municipal Hospital Berlin-Neukölln in 1917.

Both scientifically and clinically, he dealt with the entire spectrum of gastric, intestinal, liver and pancreatic diseases as well as metabolic issues such as diabetes mellitus. He was especially devoted to the examination of gastric function and introduced Ehrmann’s alcohol test drink for the analysis of gastric secretion. His co-workers at the Neukölln clinic, Leon Dinkin, Heinz Taterka, and Walter Wolff, also published on this subject in the 1920s. Ehrmann was a broadly trained internist with a focus on gastroenterology.

In addition to his clinical work, he ran a respected private practice in Berlin, and counted Albert Einstein among his patients.

 

1933

Ehrmann had to terminate his work at the Neukölln hospital as early as April 1933. He was dismissed from the municipal health service in Berlin. His teaching licence at the Berlin University was revoked in 1935 (“Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service”, § 4, political unreliability, of 7 April 1933).

 

Escape to England and the USA

Ehrmann, his wife and their 17-year-old son fled to London in 1939. The family left Southampton for the USA aboard the S.S. Arandora Star on 1 September 1939. They reached New York on 12 September 1939. Ehrmann received US citizenship in 1945.

He was a lecturer at Bellevue Medical Center New York and a consultant in gastroenterology from 1939 to 1940. He was able to work as a research assistant at Beth Israel Hospital, City of New York (now Mount Sinai Beth Israel Hospital) from 1940 to 1942. After having passed language examinations and the American medical exam, Ehrmann received a licence to practise medicine in private practice in New York City in 1942. There he once again was the family doctor of Albert Einstein and Fritz Kreisler, among others.

In the USA, he was a member of the American Medical Association and the American College of Gastroenterology.

Rudolf Richard Ehrmann died at the former Herrick Memorial Hospital in Berkeley, California on 21 December 1963 at the age of 84.

Publications

  1. Über die physiologische Wertebestimmung des Adreanlins und seinen Nachweis im Blut. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch exp Path Pharm 1905; 53: 97-111
  2. Mit Dinkin L.: Ueber die Insuffizienz des Herzens und ihre Digitalistherapie. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 1922; 48: 1675-1677
  3. Mit Dinkin L.: Klinische Pathologie der Nebennieren, in: Handbuch der Inneren Sekretion, [Hg], Hirsch Max, Leipzig: Verlag von Curt Kabitzsch 1928, Band 3/1, 283-394
  4. Die Bedeutung des Probefrühstücks für die Praxis. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 1929; 55: 431-433
  5. Mit Dinkin L.: Magen-Untersuchungsmethoden, in: Neue Deutsche Klinik, [Hg] Klemperer G., Klemperer F, 1930, Bd IV, Lieferung 29, S. 558-606
  6. Clinical Evaluation of the laboratory tests of the stomach. Am J Dig Dis 1946; 13: 23-25

Sources and Further Reading
Sources
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Sources/Literature/Weblinks

Biographie of Prof. Dr. med. Rudolf Richard Ehrmann

Bibliography

  • Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. Ehrmann R. Dissertation: Über die Peroxprotsäuren. Strassburg 1903. BSB, Sign. Diss. med 377-88: 27f.
  • Leo Baeck Institute New York, LBI und Center of Jewish History. Leon Dinkin Collection. CJH, AR 25436
  • Taterka. Henry M. Rudolf Ehrmann, Nachruf. Aufbau 1963; 29 (52): 20

Literature

  • Doetz S, Kopke Ch. „und dürfen das Krankenhaus nicht mehr betreten“: Der Ausschluss jüdischer und politisch unerwünschter Ärztinnen und Ärzte aus dem Berliner städtischen Gesundheitswesen 1933–1945. Berlin: Hentrich & Hentrich Verlag; 2018: 167-68
  • Fischer I. Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte der letzten fünfzig Jahre. Band I. Berlin, Wien: Urban & Schwarzenberg; 1932: 354
  • Forsbach R, Hofer H-G. Internisten in Diktatur und junger Demokratie. Die Deutsche Gesellschaft für Innere Medizin 1933-1970. Berlin: Medizinisch Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft 2018: 419
  • Kagan S. Jewish Medicine. Boston: Medico-Historical Press; 1952: 321
  • Schleiermacher S, Schagen U (Hg.). Die Charité im Dritten Reich. Zur Dienstbarkeit medizinischer Wissenschaft im Nationalsozialismus. Paderborn-München-Wien-Zürich: Ferdinand Schöningh 2008: 58
  • Schottlaender R. Verfolgte Berliner Wissenschaft. Band 23 Stätten der Geschichte Berlins. Berlin: Edition Hentrich 1988: 124
  • Schwoch R. Berliner Jüdische Kassenärzte und ihr Schicksal im Nationalsozialismus. Ein Gedenkbuch. Berlin: Hentrich & Hentrich Verlag 2009: 198

Weblinks