Commemoration of the German Society of Gastroenterology
In memory of

Prof. Dr. med.
Eduard Franz Schott
1886 - 1952

Prof. Dr. med. Eduard Franz Schott  ©  Peter Schott Family, USA
Prof. Dr. med. Eduard Franz Schott © Peter Schott Family, USA

Member since 1928

Studies in Heidelberg, Munich, Kiel, and Strasbourg

First person to describe the precordial thump

Changed his name to Edward Francis Schott in the USA.

Dissertation, Strasbourg 1909
Dissertation, Strasbourg 1909
Schott's contribution to the precordial thump, Dtsch Arch Klin Med 1920
Schott's contribution to the precordial thump, Dtsch Arch Klin Med 1920

Prof. Dr. med. Eduard Franz Schott

  • Hagenau, Alsace-Lorraine, 0‌6‌.‌0‌5‌.‌1‌8‌8‌6‌
  • Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA, 0‌8‌.‌0‌7‌.‌1‌9‌5‌2‌
  • Member since 1928
  • Escaped to the USA in 1939
  • Solingen
  • Specialist in internal medicine

Eduard Schott was born in Hagenau in Alsace-Lorraine in 1886 as the son of the merchant Moritz Schott and his wife Eugenie Caroline, née Herz. After the early death of his father, his mother moved to her birthplace Worms with her son and daughter in 1887.


Education and Places of Work

After graduating from the Humanistisches Gymnasium (humanistic grammar school) in Worms in 1904, Schott studied medicine in Heidelberg, Munich, Kiel, and Strasbourg. He passed the state examination in Strasbourg in 1909. He received his doctorate with the thesis “Morphologische und experimentelle Untersuchungen über Bedeutung und Herkunft der Zellen der serösen Höhlen und der sogenannten Makrophagen” from the Strasbourg Medical Faculty on 25 August of the same year. The expert opinion for the doctorate was written by the Strasbourg anatomist Gustav Schwalbe. Schott received his licence to practise medicine in 1910.

Dissertation, Strasbourg 1909
Dissertation, Strasbourg 1909

After working temporarily at the Medical Clinic of the University of Strasbourg, Eduard Schott moved to Cologne in 1911, where he worked as a junior doctor at the Medical Clinic of the Lindenburg Municipal Hospitals together with the clinic director Friedrich Moritz. He actively participated in the First World War in Flanders, among other places. After the war, Schott returned to Friedrich Moritz at the Cologne II Medical University Clinic, where he worked as a senior physician. Schott habilitated in 1919 in the course of the reinstitution of the University of Cologne and the Faculty of Medicine and was appointed professor (extraordinarius) in 1921.

Schott was a broadly trained internist who primarily dealt with heart and lung diseases. The precordial fist thump in the context of resuscitation to terminate malignant arrhythmias can be traced back to him.

Schott's contribution to the precordial thump, Dtsch Arch Klin Med 1920
Schott's contribution to the precordial thump, Dtsch Arch Klin Med 1920

Eduard Schott took over as head physician of the Medical Clinic at the Solingen Municipal Hospitals in 1927.



Schott was relieved of his position as head physician at the Solingen municipal hospital on 4 December 1933, due to the “Gesetz Zur Wiederherstellung des Berufsbeamtentum” (Law on the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service) of 7 April 1933 (§ 3, “non-Aryan descent”) and demoted to senior physician. He was forced into retirement in 1935 and could only work in private practice in Solingen thereafter.

Eduard Schott was exposed to open anti-Semitic attacks on several occasions. The Schott family’s Solingen home was vandalised by members of the SA during the November pogrom in 1938. Schott was taken into so-called “protective custody” in the aftermath of the pogrom.


Escape to the USA in May 1939  

Eduard Schott left Hamburg for the USA aboard the President Roosevelt on 11 May 1939, arriving in New York on 20 May 1939. Schott’s wife Jenny Juliane, née Gumprecht, initially stayed at her parents’ in Weimar with their four children. Her father, the physician Ferdinand Adolph Gumprecht, worked as a ministerial advisor in Weimar. She was forced to divorce her husband under pressure from the Nazi authorities in September 1942. The eldest daughter, Ilse Schott, was able to join her father in the USA in 1940. The three other children and his wife followed Eduard Schott and his daughter to the USA after the Second World War in 1946 and 1947, respectively.

Schott succeeded in starting a small private practice in Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts, near Boston, in the USA. Schott’s ability to work had been severely impaired by a bout of illness in 1944.

Eduard Schott died in Lynn, Massachusetts in July 1952 at the age of 66. His gravesite is located at Pine Grove Cemetery in Lynn.

Thanks to the initiative and research of the doctors Dr Heinz Voigt and Dr Martin Müller in Solingen, a memorial plaque commemorating Eduard F. Schott was installed at the Solingen hospital in 2017. A “Stolperstein” (stumbling stone) was laid for Eduard Schott in Solingen in 2018. Schott’s son, Francis Schott, who died in the USA in 2020, published his memoirs of persecution during the Nazi era in 1998 (From Holocaust to freedom: a life). Francis Schott impressively recalled the November pogrom of 1938 in a guest article for a Solingen newspaper in November 2018.


  1. Über das Verhalten von Glykonsäure und Zuckersäure im Organismus. Arch exp Path Pharmakol 1922; 65: 35-37
  2. Über Ventrikelstillstand (Adam-Stokes’sche Anfälle) nebst Bemerkungen über andersartige Arrhythmien passagerer Natur. Dtsch Arch Klin Med 1920; 131: 211-229
  3. Allgemeine Pathophysiologie und Therapie der Respiration. In: Handbuch der praktischen Therapie als Ergebnis experimenteller Forschung. [Hg.] van den Velden R, Wolff P O. , Leipzig: Verlag von Johann Ambrosius Barth 1926, Band 1, S. 545-583

We are very grateful to the doctors Dr Heinz Voigt and Dr Martin Müller, Solingen, for providing important information on Eduard Schott’s biography and for kindly letting us have the portrait photo.

Sources and Further Reading


Biographie of Prof. Dr. med. Eduard Franz Schott


  • Staatsbibliothek Berlin. Schott E. Dissertation: Morphologische und experimentelle Untersuchungen über die Bedeutung und Herkunft der Zellen der serösen Höhlen und der Makrophagen. Straßburg 1909. SBB-SPK, Sign. Ja 13158-1909,2: 72


  • Forsbach R, Hofer H-G. Internisten in Diktatur und junger Demokratie. Die Deutsche Gesellschaft für Innere Medizin 1933-1970. Berlin: Medizinisch Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft 2018: 437
  • Redding J S. Precordial thumping during cardiac resuscitation. In: Advances in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, Peter Safar (Hg.) New York: Springer Verlag 1977: 87
  • Voigt H. Erinnerungen an Prof. Dr. Eduard Schott. Vortrag zur Enthüllung der Gedenktafel im Städtischen Klinikum Solingen am 10. November 2017. In: Battenfeld B, Rogge R Sassing H [A], Bergischen Geschichtsvereins Abt. Solingen (Hg.): Die Heimat. Beiträge zur Geschichte Solingens und des Bergischen Landes. Nr. 33, 2018: 66-73